AboutСertification of Сommunication Facilities in Russia
(Getting access to the Russian market ofСommunication Facilities)
The information in this article reflects the most important basic steps in authorization procedures, which can be highly useful for manufacturers of communication facility, sellers, and others enterprises during the preparation for getting access to the Russian market.
To obtain the right of sale communication facilities (equipment, devices, tools, etc.) on the Russian market each manufacturer or seller of these facilities must have a certificate of conformity or registered declaration of conformity (like in USA “Declaration of Conformity”) to the technical requirements for communication facilities approved by the government of Russia. In 2004 the government authorized a list of communication facilities subject to obligatory certification. For communication facilities, which are not included in this list, it is acceptable to have only the registered declaration of conformity.
The procedure of obtaining the certificate of conformity or registered declaration of conformity begins with submitting an application to corresponding bodies of certification. The applicant can be a legal entity (corporation) or a private (individual) businessman (e.g., a manufacturer of a communication facility, a seller) or an enterprise, which ensures on behalf of the manufacturer the conformity of his delivered communication facility to the established requirements. These same organizations, except the seller, can be applicants to obtaining the registered declaration of conformity. A branch or a representation of the foreign legal entity, which is the manufacturer of the communication facility, can act on behalf of the foreign legal entity as an applicant to obtaining the registered declaration of conformity.
Before applying, the applicant determines whether the type of his communication facility belongs to the authorized list of communication facilities subject to obligatory certification or not. According to the answer, he chooses the kind of application to file.
If the applicant is eligible to get a registered declaration of conformity, he has to conform to the established requirements that correspond to his communication facility. The declaration by the applicant about conformity is carried out on the basis of his own proofs and, in a number of cases, with using the proofs received by participation of one of the accredited test centers or test laboratories. The applicant makes a contract for taking the tests. On the basis of the test results the declaration is made, then it is sent for registration to Federal Agency of Communication.
The declaration and all technical descriptions are carried out in Russian. It should contain the items of information about the applicant and the manufacturer of the communication facility, a description of the communication facility, items of information about the accomplished tests, and confirmation of safety of the Russian communication network when using the declared communication facility. The federal agency of communication registers the declaration of conformity within 3 days from the date of its registration and informs the applicant.
After the payment of the federal tax for registration, made by the applicant, the federal agency of communication in time, not exceeding 60 days, gives out to the applicant the registered declaration of conformity. By receiving the registered declaration, the applicant gets the name declarant and its rights: to deliver on Russian market of communication facilities ensuring conformity to the requirements established in Russia; to indicate in the data sheet, which is called in Russia passport, and in the accompanying engineering specifications of the facility, the information about the registered declaration.
To obtain certification, the applicant directs an application about certification of his communication facility to one of the bodies of certification accredited to certify communication facilities similar to applicant’s facility. The application is accompanied by the description of the communication facility in Russian.
After consideration of the application, identification, and estimation the conformity of the communication facility to the established requirements, the body of certification informs the applicant about acceptance. If accepted, the body establishes with the applicant a contract about execution of the certification. The contract includes the quantity of samples selected for testing, and terms of realization of the tests.
During preparation of the contract, the applicant also has to choose one from four used schemes of obligatory certification.
The first scheme is applied, if the applicant is the seller, and certified tests will be executed on samples taken from the seller. In this case certificate of conformity is valid for 1 year.
The second scheme is applied if the applicant is the manufacturer (producer), and the certified tests will be executed on samples taken from the manufacturer. Validity of the certificate is also 1 year.
The third scheme is applied if the applicant is the manufacturer, and the tests are executed on samples taken from the manufacturer. The test centers or laboratories make a check whether the manufacturer can produce the communication facility that meets to the established requirements during validity of the certificate. The certificate of conformity in this scheme is valid for 3 years.
These three schemes demand inspection of the certificated communication facility during validity of the certificate. The body of certification carries out the inspection control of the certified communication facility. The inspection control is carried out not less than once per year. Terms and volume of inspection checks are coordinated by the holder of the certificate of conformity and the body of certification.
The fourth scheme is applied if a specific portion of already made facilities is certified, and the applicant of this party is either a manufacturer or a seller. the fourth scheme is applied. In this case the tests are executed on samples taken from this portion, and the certificate includes the identification attributes of the communication facility from the given portion. The certificate is valid for 3 years.
All tests of the samples of the communication facilities are carried out by the test center (laboratory) on the basis of the contract with the body of certification. After the tests, the test center makes out the protocols of test results and gives them to the body of certification, which in no more than 30 days makes a decision about acceptance or motivated refusal of the certificate of conformity. If the decision is positive, the body of certification makes out the certificate of conformity and sends a copy to the Federal Agency of Communication, which registers it in the registry of certification system in the field of communication and returns a confirmation to the body of certification.
The certificate is effective from the date of registration. The applicant receives the certificate from the body of certification within 10 days after reception of the notice in writing from the federal agency of communication. From the moment of reception, the applicant becomes a holder of certificate of conformity with all following rights and duties. In particular, a holder of the certificate of conformity (also a declarant) is obliged to specify in the passport and accompanying engineering specifications of the communication facility the information about the certificate of conformity (the registered declaration of conformity), which is the evidence that the holder of the certificate (the declarant) guarantees conformity of the given communication facility to the requirements established in Russia.
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